The COVID 19 pandemic has the world in a panic right now. Studies are underway to find out the virus’s origin. Many studies say that COVID-19 may have come from bats.
When the virus broke out, Chinese researchers took samples from patients in Wuhan. Because the central city of 11 million people is where the pandemic began in December 2019. They compared the genetic sequence of COVID-19 and found a 96% match with a coronavirus strain found in horseshoe bats in southwest China. NPR reported this citing a study published in Nature.
The World Health Organization (WHO) is currently considering the virus origin to be from bats. Bats are mammals who have forelimbs adapted as wings. They are also the only mammals that are naturally capable of sustained flight.
Bats are scientifically proven to be the perfect hosts for a number of disease-causing viruses. Because it seems more likely to spread to people. There are more than 130 different kinds of viruses found in bats. These viruses easily infect human beings. Because humans have a lot of contact with bats.
Bats usually have long lifespans relative to their size and can live for up to 30 or even more years. This gives them a long time to be persistently infected with the virus. They shed it into the environment. Normally such viruses spread through urine, feces, and saliva of bats.
Study of 2007: ‘Coronaviruses are well known to undergo genetic recombination, which may lead to new genotypes and outbreaks. The presence of a large reservoir of SARS-CoV-like viruses in horseshoe bats, together w the culture of eating exotic mammals in S-China, is a time bomb.’ pic.twitter.com/elKqXJRbdW
— Theo Francken MP (@FranckenTheo) March 26, 2020
Why COVID 19 pandemic is of no harm to the bats?
Scientists discover that it has something to do with the mammals’ ability to fly. Bats are the only flying mammal. When they fly, their body temperature rises to over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, shows the report, adding that their heart rate can surge to more than 1,000 beats per minute.
For most land mammals, these are signals that would trigger death, but bats have developed special immune systems to deal with the stress of flying says, Linfa Wang, who studies bat viruses at Duke Medical School in Singapore.
Bats’ body also makes molecules, which helps repair cellular infusions. Also, their systems do not overreact to infections, which keeps them unaffected from the many viruses they carry, explained Wang. But it is also a signal that it is not always the virus itself but the body’s response to the virus that can make human beings sick.
Consumption of bats should be stopped. They are curious organisms and should be let to live like that. Stay healthy, do not eat bats.
Suryapratim Ray is an engineer, author, robotics hobbyist, and an active Quoran. Being a technical blogger, he covers the good, bad, and ugly of science on a regular basis at Sciencenews18. In addition to his passion for writing, he’s equally keen on learning classical music.