In the current lockdown period, people are staying at home and working from inside the four walls of the house. This has led to people continuing their work to the same extent, remotely, at their own pace. However, development does not seem to happen that fast when working remotely. Even in this situation, a physicist created the fifth state of matter called the Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC). Though she was out of her lab, still she manage to pull it off from her living room.
Dr. Amruta Gadge, an Indian-origin physicist from the Quantum systems and Devices Lab in the University of Sussex, created BEC in a lab located 2 miles away from her home. According to the research study, this is the first and only instance where a person created a fifth state of matter in a lab by working remotely from home. The operation of working remotely with quantum technology is a work of Peter Krüger, a professor of Experimental Physics at the lab.
— Naveen Jindal (@MPNaveenJindal) May 26, 2020
Bose-Einstein Condensate: The 5th state of Matter
Till 1990, there were only 4 states of matter, namely, solids, liquids, gases, and plasmas. But, in the late 90s, a new state of matter was discovered by the name of Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC).
The BEC is a group of atoms that cool together to a temperature near that of absolute zero. At this point, the atoms hardly move with respect to each other because they have almost zero energy inside them. This is when all the atoms begin to clump together in order to enter the same energy states. This makes them identical to a physical point of view and the whole group shows properties like that of a single atom. The BEC is obtained by experimenting with a cloud of diffused gas.
Let us know what you think about the new matter in the comments section below!
Suryapratim Ray is an engineer, author, robotics hobbyist, and an active Quoran. Being a technical blogger, he covers the good, bad, and ugly of science on a regular basis at Sciencenews18. In addition to his passion for writing, he’s equally keen on learning classical music.