The new forecast system is set up by the UK Center for Ecology and Hydrology (UKCEH). This is a new and novel system. This will enable them to predict future climatic happenings. Grouping of lakes is on the basis of seasonal patterns of the temperature of their surface temperature. The coldest region lake groups are in Alaska, Russia, Canada, and China. The warmest lake regions are Africa, South America, Southeast Asia, and India. The researchers predict that by 2100, the average lake temperature will increase by 4°C. By this time, nearly 66% of all lakes will be classified as warm lakes.
This study is done by the UK Center for Ecology and Hydrology, University of Dundee, University of Glasgow, and Dundalk Institute of Technology. The publication of the findings of this research is in the Nature Communications journal.
The technology behind the forecast system
Prof. Stephen Maberly, UKCEH says that satellite imaging is the core technology behind this forecast system. Also, this reads the temperature data of 700 lakes. Even a small fluctuation in the lake temperature can adversely affect the flora and fauna composition of the lake. It affects the growth and development of aquatic life, their reproduction rate, feeding cycle, availability of food, algal bloom, etc. He also adds that “Fish species present in the cold lakes can undergo stress due to lake warming. This is because of an increase in its average temperature. Salmonids such as salmon, trout and Arctic charr, are a major concern as they play a vital role in maintaining the ecological balance, i.e. the food webs. They also possess high economic importance.”
Prof. Andrew Taylor says “This is a glaring example of UK-led research that has the capacity for monitoring the inland waters using satellite imaging techniques.” He also adds “This system will yield insights into the climate change impact. In addition, it will also provide a strong evidence base for effective management of the environment and mitigate the harmful effects.”