The Indian space agency, ISRO released an image of Phobos this Friday. It is the closest and biggest moon of Mars clicked on July 1 by the Mars Colour Camera onboard the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM). According to the Indian Space Research Organisation, the image was clicked by MOM when it was almost about 7,200 km from Mars and around 4,200 km from Phobos.
The space agency was able to pull this off due to the success of the Mangalyaan mission from 2013. The Mars Orbiter mission is able to capture beautiful images of the Red Planet which recently included the largest image of the moon, Phobos. ISRO is currently planning for its upcoming moon mission named Gaganyaan.
A recent image of the mysterious moon of Mars, Phobos, as captured by India's Mars Orbiter Mission
— ISRO (@isro) July 3, 2020
ISRO captures the largest photo of Phobos
ISRO says Phobos is largely believed to be made up of carbonaceous chondrites. The violent phase that Phobos has encountered is seen in the large section gouged out from a past collision (Stickney crater) and bouncing ejecta.
Stickney, the largest crater on Phobos along with the other craters (Shklovsky, Roche, and Grildrig) are also seen in the image. The country had on September 24, 2014, successfully placed the Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft in orbit around the red planet, in its very first attempt, thus breaking into an elite club.
The Rs 450 crore MOM was launched on Nov 5, 2013, from the Indian rocket port at Sriharikota. The Mars Orbiter has five scientific instruments – Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP), Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM), Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyser (MENCA), Mars Colour Camera (MCC) and Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS).
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Suryapratim Ray is an engineer, author, robotics hobbyist, and an active Quoran. Being a technical blogger, he covers the good, bad, and ugly of science on a regular basis at Sciencenews18. In addition to his passion for writing, he’s equally keen on learning classical music.