NASA is ready for its next MARS mission, builds a 1.8 billion pixel camera for its 2021 Mars Rover- Perseverance


NASA is currently planning to launch its latest Mars rover next summer. When it launches the rover will have the most ‘tech-savvy‘ eyes to ever go into outer space. The Mastcam-Z is a next-generation camera capable of advanced zoom quality along with a provision for 3D imaging. It also makes the job easier for the Rover operators who can now see every contour clearly using separate 3D glasses.

The Mastcam-Z is also responsible for delivering a magnificent panoramic view of the Red Planet. The camera uses its zooming ability to capture the gorgeous Martian landscape. The new camera helps engineers in navigation and helps scientists in rock and fossils studies.

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NASA Perseverance: Zoom with a view

The Curiosity’s Mastcam consists of one wide-angle lens along with a telephoto lens. Images are captured through both and then put together to give a more stereo view. But the wide-angle lens captures more of the landscape than the telephoto lens does at one shot. So, 9 telephoto lens images are required to match and produce a stereo view.

A close-up of the head of Perseverance Rover’s remote sensing mast. The masthead contains the SuperCam instrument (its lens is in the large circular opening). In the gray boxes beneath masthead are the two Mastcam-Z imagers. On the exterior sides of those images are the rover’s two navigation cameras. (NASA/JPL-Caltech)

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Perseverance, however, comes with the Mastcam-Z and simplifies the matter. This is because here bot the lens zoom until one matches the other. This is useful to capture a single 3D image. It is not only easy but also requires a lot of fewer data. This means less sending to Earth. Besides providing a 3D image it also uses its stereoview to help geologists with rocks and mineral studies. It is definitely not a spectrometer, but it has a 1.8 billion pixel camera. This really helps study minerals better.

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