The universe is full of mysteries. But all of these mysteries do follow a few laws. These laws came into existence way after the Universe was formed and the matter was discovered. Before we dive deep into the scientific journey with neutrinos, let us understand a few such principles.
Every particle in our Universe and beyond follows the Law of Conservation of Mass and Energy. It states that the mass of a body never changes, it dissipates in terms of energy. But energy can neither be created nor be destroyed, it can only transform from one form to another. This exact principle lies behind the formation of principle. Before the ‘Big Bang‘ matter was all around us. Once the explosion occurred, everything changed. The matter was present everywhere.
— Nature (@nature) April 15, 2020
Why are there more neutrinos in the Universe?
The same principle applies to the asymmetry of neutrinos. The neutrinos behave extremely differently from that of the antineutrinos. It is like they are a mirror image of each other. Deborah Harris is a Nuclear Physicist at Fermi National Laboratory in Illinois. She says, “This hint provides information on the asymmetry between neutrinos and antineutrinos.” But, this also proves that the amount of matter present after the Big Bang was greater than that of the antimatter.
Federico Nieto, professor at the University of Geneva, believes this is the first ‘solid’ evidence to support the T2K experiment on the origin of life. The T2K study, published in Nature Journal, is the first Japanese scientific progress in terms of nuclear physics.
T2k was observing antineutrino particles for a long time now. It was in 2016 when they first saw a conflict between the symmetry of neutrinos and antineutrinos. The study shows official evidence in terms of physicists. So, this is basically a 0.00007% probability of arising to a definite conclusion. This is also known as the “5-sigma” effect.
Neutrinos are basically present all around us. In terms of the orbital theory, they are present in 3 forms or “flavors”. They are muon, tau, and electron. The T2K deals with producing muon neutrinos and antineutrinos. The term T2K arises due to sending these particles from Japan to Kamioka, surpassing almost 290 kilometers.
Currently, a lot of further experiments will help prove the existence of life started from the Big Bang. But to be extremely honest, nothing meaningful came up other than this. It might be for its own good.
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